Will Europe become a No-Nuke Zone?
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The White House has recently submitted to the Treaty of Pelindaba and Treaty of Rarotonga to the Senate for ratification. These treaties address the designation of Africa as nuclear weapon-free zones. Once these treaties are in effect, it will mean that a large part of the world will be free of nuclear weapons. Many areas, such as parts of Asia and Latin America, are already protected under nuclear-free zone treaties.
While all of the treaties vary greatly, they have one common thread: they are gradually enlarging the areas of the world which will be without nuclear arms. While it may be a struggle to get parts of the Middle East to conform to a nuclear disarmament treaty, the idea of Europe becoming a no-nuke zone is a reality.
In Europe, there is already a huge movement against the use of nuclear arms and the military situation is calm. However, the major foreseen setback is that two nations in Europe already have nuclear weapons and several others are housing nuclear weapons from the United States. I seems that the major opponent to nuclear disarmament in Europe is the US as they cite the weapons as preventing warfare and insuring peace after WWII.
These arguments for keeping nuclear weapons in Europe are unfounded, however, when you look at other nations which are nuke-free. One example is South Africa which has been free of war, despite many disputes between states and groups. Almost all countries without nuclear weapons have been able to keep the peace even without the threat of nuclear warfare looming overhead. The only real exception to this is Ecuador and Peru which had a short war in 1995. However, in Europe, which was supposed to be “safe” from warfare due to its nuclear weapons, did experience major warfare in the Balkans. This obviously negates the US’s support for nuclear arms in Europe and citizens should push for the area to become a no-nuke zone.